The FdV guidelines are based on the five-year project (2014-2018) of the doctoral school approved in 2013 by the AERES, the french evaluation agency for research and higher education. The guidelines are also available in the FdV program handbook.
The pedagogical project of FdV is focused on the active participation of the PhD fellows in their own education at the frontiers of knowledge. The FdV program fosters an environment of cooperation and excellence in the FdV program that enables students to develop their potential as young researchers. The program enables labs to host unconventional theses, with respect to their usual doctoral school, to participate in an interdisciplinary community, and to take advantage of resources made available by the school through their fellows.
Admission to the PhD program
Candidates must present themselves and the PhD project for evaluation by the International Scientific Council. Fellowships for the doctoral school are awarded according to the candidate’s ranking after the recruitment selection and the available annual financial resources. Hosting labs are committed to support and facilitate the participation of their FdV PhD fellows in the school program.
FdV students must be registered with either Paris Descartes University or Paris Diderot University for every year of their PhD studies. At the beginning of each academic year, all students must register. Registration does not automatically renew from one academic year to the next. The administrative registration deadline is in mis November of each year, but please refer to the university specific documents for the exact deadlines. Please note that the PhD diploma is issued by the universities, not by the doctoral school. Thus it is imperative that students are registered, otherwise the diploma and student benefits cannot be granted. Please contact the FdV staff if you have any questions about the university registration procedures.
All PhD students must have doctoral funding for three years. Since the graduate school is not able to support all the eligible candidates, fellows and their supervisors are encouraged to apply with the help of the program for funding available from other institutions. In most cases, funding is issued to the student through the university. However, it is also possible to have an agreement between the university and any funding provider such that the student’s stipend is issued to him/her from the funding provider directly. In either case, all student’s must have explicit funding for his/her doctoral studies. Please contact FdV staff for any questions related to FdV funding.
The FdV Bettencourt PhD Program offers an extensive doctoral training program that combines research with a curriculum of advanced courses and workshops on interdisciplinary research, science-related topics and transversal skills for scientific professions. The interdisciplinary nature of FdV program fellows’ interests and projects requires a broad set of skills and knowledge. Fellows are required to validate at least 300 hours of academic training including advanced, interactive training sessions, fellow-led science clubs, workshops, and conferences before the thesis defense is granted.
At least half of this training should be earned through FdV courses, workshops, and other activities organized by the Center for Research and Interdisciplinary (CRI). The remaining hours may be validated through courses taken at other institutions in France and abroad, massive open online courses (MOOC), international meetings and summer schools, teaching activities, etc. upon prior agreement with the FdV staff.
A number of FdV courses are mandatory for each student to complete before the end of their third year of studies. These courses aim to develop the transversal skills necessary in the research community such as scientific communication, interdisciplinary collaboration, and responsible research practices.
To foster scientific communication and community building in the FdV doctoral school, students are expected to participate in student seminars and workshops throughout their studies.
During the first year, students will give a short presentation to a general audience to introduce their project, main issues, and approaches. Because these presentations are held in front of an audience of student researchers from a variety of backgrounds, this is an effective training for accessible communication. These seminars are intended to promote discussions and scientific exchange among the students and to build the interdisciplinary scientific community.
The second year presentation occurs during the thematic workshops, which group more specialized FdV students, AIV Master students, and participants of their labs. While the type of presentation may take many forms, e.g. powerpoint/slides, poster, group presentation, demonstration, etc., the aim is for more advanced and specialized research discussions.
Students must also participate in at least two international workshops/conferences during their thesis to maximize the visibility of their work and develop contacts for their scientific projects. To this aim the program provides up to 1000 euros per year per fellow to help cover the expenses for attending international workshops and conferences. Additional funding resources are available for conference travel through Paris Descartes and Paris Diderot universities. Please see the respective university websites for more information about eligibility, application procedure, award amount, etc.
Annual Training Report
At the end of the academic year, students are expected to submit a training report where they indicate the courses and training hours accrued during the year. Please see the Annual Training Report section for details.
Thesis Advisory Committee (TAC)
The Thesis Advisory Committee (TAC) follows the student throughout their PhD. Its role is to ensure the progress of the research, with respect to the original aims and in the light of new advances in the field, as well as the general well being of the fellow. The TAC consists of the PhD supervisor(s) and two senior scientists (tutors) of complementary expertise to cover the different interdisciplinary facets of the student’s project. The tutors should work outside of the supervisors’ labs and should not be past or present collaborators of the supervisor. The TAC tutors are selected by the student and should be approved by the PhD supervisor before final approval from the FdV director of studies.
The PhD student meets with the TAC members at least once per year. The first meeting should take place six months after the start of the PhD. Because this meeting occurs relatively quickly after the start of the PhD, the purpose of the first TAC meeting is not necessarily to present results, but to evaluate the current stage of the research and further develop the plan for the coming year. The subsequent meetings should take place no more than one year apart.
Before each meeting, the fellow submits a written progress report to the members of the TAC.
First year report
For 1st year candidates the report is intended to be an updated thesis project (~10 pages). It should be structured as a research proposal and should discuss the existing experimental and theoretical bases of the subject and preliminary results.
Second year report
The 2nd year summary should grow to an intermediary summary (~15 pages) including scientific context, the aims, results, conclusions and perspective on the remaining work to be done.
Third year report
Building on the previous documents, the 3rd year summary (~30 pages) aims to provide an outline of the thesis manuscript.
Report guidelines for all years
In order to prepare the discussions at the meeting the document should also address the following questions:
1. What were the most important results since the last meeting (or since the beginning of the PhD for 1st year candidates), in terms of scientific achievements and progress in your work?
2. Were there changes in the project since the last meeting (or since the beginning of the PhD for 1st year candidates)? If so, what was the cause of the changes and/or delay and what was the response to this?
3. What were the principal difficulties encountered? What measures of actions have been undertaken in response? In addition, the PhD candidate should also take advantage of the TAC report to include questions on issues they would like to address during the meeting.
TAC Meeting and Tutors Report
During the meeting, the progress of the PhD work is discussed and the TAC provides advice and criticism on the proposed research plan for the next year(s). The TAC will also advise the fellow on scientific and career issues and on the choice of conferences and training courses.
The TAC members are expected to complete the tutors report with feedback for the student on his/her research progress, plan, and training program. Copies of the student’s TAC report and tutors report should be submitted to the doctoral school with the end of the year training report.
Please see the TAC meeting guidelines for more details.
Criteria for doctoral degree
The PhD at the FdV program represents a combination of research experience gained in the hosting lab and experience in interdisciplinary science- and education-related activities gained through the doctoral school.
Approval to defend the thesis is granted by the doctoral school director. The director will consider the following: the Thesis Advisory Committee recommendations, research achievements, publications or dissemination of the work in thesis, and completion of the doctoral school training program including courses, conferences, and involvement in the FdV doctoral program. The defense criteria rely on the quality of the thesis manuscript, the doctoral training, experience gained during the thesis, and the capacity to defend within three years.
The doctoral school does not require a determined number of publications to authorize the defense. However the research processes and outcomes should be documented and disseminated in an appropriate manner to the research community and the wider public.
For students working in disciplines where peer-refereed publishing is the means of advancing the field (e.g. Natural Sciences), the doctoral school recommends that the students are involved in 3 publications during their thesis:
- One research article written with the lab, not necessarily as lead author, and not necessarily on the student’s main subject
- One review type article, taking advantage of the work of interdisciplinary synthesis expected by the school
- One research article as lead author on the student’s main subject
For students who have components of their thesis work in a discipline where peer-refereed publishing is not common (e.g. Art, Design), the doctoral school recommends that the students disseminate their work in venue appropriate for their field. These venues may include international conferences, interactive demonstrations, exhibitions, etc.
In addition to wider dissemination of the work, students are expected to document their research progress in written Thesis Advisory Committee reports and present the state of their research to their TAC committee annually. The final outcomes and process are documented and presented in the final PhD dissertation and defense. While other media is permitted to accompany the dissertation, a written document is mandatory for completion of the PhD.
The doctorate degree is awarded by the Université Sorbonne Paris Cité after examination of the candidate’s work by two reviewers and defense in front of the doctoral jury. Neither reviewer can not be affiliated with SPC, and at most one of the reviewers can be a member of the TAC committee. The composition on the defense jury must follow the requirements of the university.
The defense jury has the possibility to deliver the doctorate with one of the following grades: (a) “honorable” (b) “très honorable”, (c) “très honorable avec félicitations.” The highest grade, “très honorable avec félicitations,” is reserved for candidates with exceptional skills proven by their achievements and the quality of their thesis defense. This grade can be awarded only if there is a unanimous agreement of the thesis jury members under an anonymous vote and the jury president writes and signs an additional report justifying this distinction (this report is distinct from the thesis defense report).
Duration of the thesis
PhD students at the FdV PhD program are expected to finish their PhD in three years. Extensions are only granted under exceptional circumstances and need the approval of the Thesis Advisory Committee and the director of the doctoral school. Extensions will only be considered if funding is available.
Students must submit a fourth year registration request form, available on the FdV website, to the FdV office. Additional procedures for each of Paris Descartes and Diderot are available on the FdV website.
Post-thesis preparation and follow-up
The FdV program will provide training and assistance to help fellows and alumni to initiate a successful professional career after the thesis.
When publications related to the PhD work are accepted before or even after the defense (if publications were delayed), the FdV school should be informed to maximize the visibility of the fellows achievements. FdV alumni will be featured on the doctoral school’s web site to facilitate contact between current students and alumni. To keep the strength of the FdV community, alumni will be invited to various FdV scientific events and are encouraged to participate in and maintain an FdV alumni network.
Signatures and acknowledgements
Signature regulations of the hosting lab and employer must be respected. In particular, fellows holding a “contrat doctoral” fellowship with university funds must include following affiliations on their publications:
1) Funding university (Paris Descartes or Paris Diderot), Sorbonne Paris Cité, Paris, France.
2) University where the PhD takes place (if different from the funding university), lab name, unit label (e.g. CNRS UMR, INSERM U), post code, city, country.
Holders of a “contrat doctoral” paid from non university funds (case of convention between an external payer organism and the university) only have to mention in the signature the university where the PhD takes place.
Due to the financial support they receive, FdV fellows are also expected to rightfully acknowledge, their funding organisms and the “Ecole Doctorale Frontières du Vivant (FdV) – Programme Bettencourt.”
Website representation and student network
At the beginning of their PhD, students are asked to sign a photo release form giving the CRI permission to use photos and/or videos of the themselves on the CRI website and other advertising venues. Please see the release form for more details. Students may opt out of the photo release at any time by submitting a new photo release form to the FdV office indicating that they do not grant permission for the CRI to publish photos/videos featuring the student. In this case, the CRI staff will do their best to remove existing photos and videos from published materials, but cannot guarantee that everything is removed immediately.
Student website profile
The FdV staff will create a basic academic profile page for each student on the FdV website. The page will contain the thesis title, abstract, supervisor, hosting lab, funding source, and photo of the student. This information will be taken from the original FdV application. Students may update their profile content at any time by emailing the FdV office with the necessary changes.
FdV students may contact other FdV students, alumni, CRI students, and partners through the CRI Moodle. Students will be given a login to the Moodle at the beginning of their PhD which will give them access to a number of resources including the following forums:
Forum for FdV PhD courses and activities: for posts about courses, activities, thesis defenses, etc.
Forum for non-CRI PhD related information: for posts about anything you want to share including external courses, seminars, tips, etc
Forum for post-docs and job information
Forum for general CRI activities: for posts about courses, activities, etc. to be shared with all CRI members
Forum for other activities and discussions: for all information on the scientific community, wokshops, seminars, books, websites, projects and discussions…
Ethical behavior is expected during the course of the PhD. This includes originality and reproducibility of the results generated and confidential treatment of privileged communications.
The financial support by the doctoral school (to attend conferences and workshops), yearly registration renewal at the university, and authorization to defend are conditional upon the respect of the present guidelines (e.g. organization of the yearly TAC meeting, attendance to mandatory courses, realization of a approximately 100 hours training per year).
For any questions or concerns about these FdV guidelines, please contact the FdV staff.